Energy Objective 2: Sustainability
The development of metal-organic frameworks will allow us to create new materials capable of gas storage and remediation; this major international challenge will lead to high impact science and leading edge training.
The 6 year science specific high-level impacts for this objective are:
- A platform of porous materials capable of storing methane, purifying natural gas and biogas, and sequestering carbon dioxide, which are important goals for the improved usage of fuels and environmental remediation.
- Fundamental insights into the optimisation of the gas sorption and separation properties of metal-organic framework materials gained from novel synthetic and spectroscopic approaches. These insights will underlie the design of next-generation membranes, sorbents, and catalysts.
This objective will focus on the development of crystalline “sponges” known as metal-organic framework compounds, aimed at capturing methane with high specificity and high sorption capacity. Longer-term, this research will provide a foundation for the application of porous media for methane storage on board methane-powered vehicles, during transportation, and in pipelines. We will also create a completely new class of materials by using the metal-organic frameworks as templates to grow very highly porous metal and conducting polymer networks. These will find application as high-activity electrodes for batteries and solar cells, and in energy storage as supercapacitor electrodes.